Friday, May 22, 2020
Background/History Meat has been in our diet since the start of mankind. We eat meat everyday mindlessly. It is hard to avoid meat since it is everywhere we go. Meat is the majority of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s food. There are very few vegetarian or vegan options in the food industry. Although, it has been growing more and more popular since it has become a lifestyle. The reason is to be the horrifying truth of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s meat industry. For those who cannot bear the truth, pick up the vegetarian or vegan lifestyle. In 1906, Upton SinclairÃ¢â¬â¢s book The Jungle was that starting point when the new coming meat industry was exposed. It began the Meat Inspection Act and the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). Since meat was such in high of demands, farmers had toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Meat production is just more than animal cruelty and health risk, it is an environment issue also. Over producing livestock unbalance the ecosystem. The manure produced by the animal pollutes bodies of water from runoff (Motavalli). Meat production does not only affect humans, fresh water for other inhabitants are also at risk of disease and illnesses from drinking feces contaminated water. This can potentially kill off species. Not only are bodies of water are threatened, the land is also. Over grazing of lands causes erosion (Motavalli). Over grazing can kill off plants, which again, ruins the ecosystem. Other wildlife need the plants there to live, not just livestock. Most people wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve never th ought of the meat they eat is damaging the environment. In most third world countries meat is usually scarced. Even if there is meat available, it is extremely expensive and is eaten on special occasions. Here in the states and most first world countries, meat is found in abundance and can be cheaper than plant produce. The large production in the meat industry made meat cheaper. A surprising fact that Ã¢â¬Å"70 percent of grain produced is fed to animalsÃ¢â¬ (Motavalli). The amount of grain put into an animal and the amount of meat that is produced is less than the grains. The same applies for fresh water. Hypothetically, the grain could be able to feed starving communities in thirdShow MoreRelatedThe Rise Of The Progressive Era1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto problems caused by large factories and cities. Furthermore, they attacked big corporations, such as the Armour meat-packing company and others, for how harsh their practices were. The progressives exposed these companies and how they treated workers, removed competitors, and set hi gh prices. The meatpacking industry capitalized when the growth of livestock farming in the Midwest started to grow rapidly. Meatpacking companies and industries, such as the Armour meat-packing company, handle the slaughteringRead MoreEating Animals, by Jonathan Safran Foer Essay947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto us what actually occurs in the factory farming system. The issue circulating in this book is whether to eat meat or not to eat meat. Foer, however, never tries to convert his reader to become vegetarians but rather to inform them with information so they can respond with better judgment. Eating meat has been a thing that majority of us engage in without question. Which is why among other reasons Foer feels compelled to share his findings about where our meat come from. Throughout the book, heRead MoreThe Ethics of Eating Meat Essay663 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMeat has been a staple food in the diet of mankind since the early ages of civilization. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Is Any Meat G ood to Eat?Ã¢â¬ by Sarah Boesveld, she interviews author Jonathan Safran to share his opinion on eating meat and factory farming. He believes that Ã¢â¬Å"...if [people] just ate according to the values they already have, then factory farming would disappear.Ã¢â¬ Whether or not people realize the sources from which meat in modern day society comes from, they cannot deny the fact that meat is delectableRead MoreCompanies Are Treating The Animals We Will Ultimately Consume1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The average consumer veers towards the quick and easy food options. Without prior knowledge, an individual could be consuming contaminated meat products that were produced on a factory farm. Since the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, factory farming has accounted for over 99% of the meat sold in the United States (Zacharias, 2011). The move towards large, factory farms saves meat industry millions of dollars a day. These farms pose a huge risk to public health and environmental safety. Currently, four major companies produceRead MoreVegetarian Vs. Meat Eater1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVegetarian VS. Meat Eater There are two main lifestyles that we as human beings practice that impact our eating habits. One being a Vegetarian, a person who chooses not to eat meat. The other being a Meat Eater (also known as an Omnivore), a person who chooses to eat both meat and vegetables. A controversial debate continues to go on, evaluating the pros and cons of each group, along with the reasons behind their choice. In the end it all depends on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s outlook on life that makes theRead MoreThe Effects Of Beef On Cattle Farms1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesutilize hormones and other additives on cattle in factory farms. Farms often feed animals hormones to quicken the slaughtering process. Although the factory farms sell a surplus amount of cattle to stores, cattle are being treated unfairly and inhumanely. Cattle in farm factories are subject to the injection of hormones, harsh environments and poor physical treatment. Due to the utilization of hormones, abuse of cows and monopolization of c attle factories livestock farms, cows are deprived of basic needsRead MoreMeat, China, And Communication Revolutions1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMeat, China, and Communication Revolutions In Armand MattelartÃ¢â¬â¢s book The Invention of Communication, the word Ã¢â¬Å"communicationÃ¢â¬ is acknowledged as term with a great number of meanings. However, Mattelart proposes that communication could be specifically understood as Ã¢â¬Å"circuits of circulation of goods, people, and messagesÃ¢â¬ (Mattelart xiv). This definition is critical to the thesis of this paper, because it alludes to industry being an essential component of communication. This paper will exploreRead MoreFactory Farming Should Be Banned1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Recognize meat for what it really is: the antibiotic- and pesticide- laden corpse of a tortured animal.Ã¢â¬ says Ingrid Newkirk, co-founder of (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) PETA and animal activist. Factory farming should be banned or demolished thoroughly due to more harm than good that is being presented worldwide. Animal brutality, which can be found constantly and excessively throughout factory farms, is a deleterious act involving the animals and a diabolic act regarding humanRead MoreAnimal Cruelty : The Meat And Dairy Industry1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnimal cruelty continues to plague the meat and dairy industry and a policy to reverse this is enacting stricter regulations on meat and dairy labels that explicitly state the additives and preservatives used on the product. Moreover, my policy will persuade people to purchase meat and dairy that is ethically raised and is not made with preservatives or additives, this is my value of health. Moreover, my policy is for those who eat meat and dairy and are unaware of the health side affects of consumingRead MoreThe Jungle by Upton Sinclair730 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesonly jobs but a better way of life due to the industrial factories. The invention of not only the automobile but the first moving assembly line created a huge market for the developing American economy. This created more jobs and it was evident with the age of imperialism tha t the United States was on the way to being a world power. However during the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s the part of history that seems to be overlooked is that of the food and meat packing industry. In an eye opening novel entitled The
Friday, May 8, 2020
In Ã¢â¬Å"CritoÃ¢â¬ by Plato, Socrates faces a difficult dilemma. Socrates has been wrongfully charged of impiety and corrupting the children and is approached with an offer from his close friend Crito who says he will help Socrates escape and give him a nice place to live away from Athens where he can flee from a wrongful execution. Socrates should stay in prison and face his execution in order to prove he is innocent. Socrates wants to do no wrong at all and comes to the conclusion that escaping would do more harm than facing a wrongful execution. He feels that escaping would be wronging those who wronged him which is still doing wrong. The laws have not wronged Socrates but the people of Athens have. These laws helped him grow into the man he is and he feels he would be doing a disservice to them by going against what he swore to stay true to. When Crito tells Socrates that people will see him as a bad friend Socrates replies, Ã¢â¬Å"But why, my dear Crito, should we care about the opinion of the many? Good men, and they are the only persons who are worth considering, will think of these things truly as they happenedÃ¢â¬ . Basically, Socrates is explaining that what people think is irrelevant and that good men will understand Socrates decision and will not think poorly of Crito as they will see things as they truly happened. If Socrates were to leave he would be breaking his agreement to obey the laws. Socrates swore an oath to accept the verdict and penalty and if he left now he wouldShow MoreRelatedAn Analysis of Jacques Louis The Death of Socrates1047 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Death of Socrates by Jacques Louis David *summary/description: The Death of Socrates by Jacques Louis David is a striking picture of the aged philosopher sitting upright in his bed moments before the poison is taking its effect with one finger raised to heaven. He is expostulating to his students but the majority of his students turn away unwilling to see the ravishing effects of the drug on their beloved master. One student looks at the ground covering his eyes. Another sits, head loweredRead MoreBroken Family3761 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesMain interests: Epistemology, ethics Notable idea: SocraticMethod, Socratic irony Influenced: Most subsequent Western philosophy; more specifically, Plato, Aristotle, Aristippus, Antisthenes Spouse:Xanthippe Children:Menexenus, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus Aristotle Philosopher Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great Ã¢â¬Å"Personal backgroundÃ¢â¬ Born: 384 BC Stagira, Chalcidice Died: 322 BC (aged 61 or 62) Euboea Nationality: Greek Era:Read MoreWhat Are The Charges Against Socrates?1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshas been conserved of Socrates defense of himself as it was presented before the Athenian Council. It is in essential agreement with the references to the trial that occur in Plato s other dialogs. We may determine that Apology is not written by Socrates and only contains the words of Socrates that were memorized by Plato, since he was present at the time of the trial. However, we know that Socrates was PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher and had been admired by him a lot. We should bear in mind that PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s viewsRead MoreThe Apology: The Understanding of the Soul in Life and Death Essay1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFour main themes are the most important in the assigned section of The Apology. I will begin with a brief synopsis of each major theme, with an analysis and my opinion following, and ending with the question of Socrates own death. Firstly, Plato introduces the important concept that it is far worse for one to do wrong than to suffer wrongdoing. Socrates, refusing to be harmed by Meletus, believes that Ã¢â¬Å"it is not allowed that a good man be injured by a worseÃ¢â¬ (pg. 41). Despite Socrates impendingRead MoreCartesian and Platonic Philosophical Themes in The Matrix Essay2065 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesare presented in the film. In this analysis, we will examine the questions of skepticism and the mind-body problem separately. Part one will examine how the film broached the subject of skepticism, and in doing so how it ties in to Descartes and Plato. Part two will analyze the mind-body problems as raised by the movie and how those problems hold true or not to DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ and PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas. Part One: Skepticism and the Matrix This student of Philosophy now sees the movie The Matrix in a wholeRead More George Gemistos Plethon on God: Aristotle vs Plato Essay4387 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesGeorge Gemistos Plethon on God: Aristotle vs Plato In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethons defense in his De Differentiis of Platos conception of God as superior to that of Aristotles. (2) Plethon asserts that the Platonic conception of God is more consistent with Orthodox Christian theology than the Aristotelian conception. This claim is all the more interesting in light of the fact that Plethon is, as it turns out, a pagan. I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
SECTION II TOURISM RESOURCES | Tanay lies at the foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountain with bearings 14oÃ 30Ã¢â¬ ² latitude and 121oÃ 17Ã¢â¬ ² longitude. it is | |bounded on the north by the towns of Antipolo, Baras, Teresa and Montalban; on the east by Quezon Province; on the south by Pililla and the| |Province of Laguna; and on the west by Laguna de Bay. TanayÃ is divided into two areas: the urban and ruralbarangays. We will write a custom essay sample on Sacramento Valley Resort Tourism Resources or any similar topic only for you Order Now The largest urban | |barangay is Plaza Aldea (2,530 ha. ), and the smallest is Mag-Ampon (27 ha. ). The largest of the rural barangays is Sampaloc (8,899 ha. ), | |and the smallest is Cayabu (679 ha. ). | | Sacramento Valley Resort is a place where everyone can relax and unwind. It has a campsite if you want to experience a | | |different king of activities. It also has a pool and a native type of accommodation which is also one of our plans to improve. The planners| | |focus more on soft activities especially in team building activities that families and teenagers will surely enjoy. The planners are | | |planning to establish more sports activities like basketball, horseback riding , zip lining, hiking, table tennis, rappelling and other | | |more . there is no facilities in the area like spa. Of course, there are people who wants to relax thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why this plan will establish a | | |spa that will surely make the visitors satisfied and come back for more. | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Natural resources |Human Resources | |Daranak Falls |Population (2007) Total: 94, 460 | |Kalinawan Cave |Census | |Daong |Pop. |Daraitan River | | |Masungi Rock |Rate | |Tinipak River | | |Batlag Falls |1995 | | |69,181 | | | | | |Ã¢â¬â | | | | | |2000 | | |78,223 | | | | | |2. 7% | | | | | |2007 | | |94,460 | | | | | |2. 64% | | | | | Population Census of Tanay | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Cultural Resources |Capital Resources | |Parola |Featured Restaurants | |Tanay Park | | |Church of Tanay | | |Bukal Chapel | | |Grotto | | |Dulaang Tanahis | | How to cite Sacramento Valley Resort Tourism Resources, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Journey Symbolism in Literature Essay This analysis will critically analyze the symbolism of journey-and its literary importance- between Ã¢â¬Å"The Road Not TakenÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"I Used to Live HereÃ¢â¬ . This critical paper chose to write itself upon symbolismÃ¢â¬â¢s journeys within literature. The tales chose are from Ã¢â¬Å"I used to Live HereÃ¢â¬ (Rhys) as well as Ã¢â¬Å"The Road Not TakenÃ¢â¬ (Frost). The choice in comparative analysis is due to how they both swim in a sea of metaphorical symbolism.The similarity is that both authors use the symbolisms in their literature. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s where main similarities end. This researcher will write about how both authors use of symbolism is in different ways. Frost in his Ã¢â¬Å"The Road Not Taken is granted greater freedoms in artistic expression. The short story of Rhys is mainly using the literary techniques common to actual stories and there by constrained in. The irony I think of these tales is the double use of Journey in symbolism.The tale is a journey and yet the journey within that journey is the symbolism in which shows a quest for truth maybe peace and eveven immortality. The journey symbolism used in these tales is a metaphor for the journey of life. Symbol, it is the use of a defined object to represent an otherwise abstract notion or concept. Symbol is originated from Greek in the verb Ã¢â¬Å"symballeinÃ¢â¬ that means to put together and associated noun of Ã¢â¬Å"SymbolonÃ¢â¬ that means to Ã¢â¬Å"mark- taken- or a sign. (Heritage Dictionary 2008).In literary works, a symbol is udder in the authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ purposes for putting forth the idea in either a thing or person, or even the plot represents a concept on top of the Ã¢â¬Å"thingÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ literal concept or meaning. The things in literary works like FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s poem are a thing like a road that has a common knowledge meaning. The road however: is used to suggest ideas that pertain to more universally applicable lessons that the only common day attributes or characteristics of a road. The appearance of symbols in our literature of FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s and RhysÃ¢â¬â¢ writings appear in differeing ays to purport different meanings. Typically the symbols show up in different ways like: A word that may repeat or have significance; A figure of speech that runs the gamete of the story or poem constantly repeating over or creating the major frame work for the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s battles; a significant happening or event in the story line like a death or Ã¢â¬Å"Aha momentÃ¢â¬ ; Else wise the complete action in the finishing of the story (usually used in short story form like the end of a journey based tale; Then finally the symbol can be a certain character within the story or poemÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogue.In the case of Frost, the road takes on characteristics of a character in the journey symbolism and is no longer only a road. The draws of the texts pull the reader in two different ways. The primary pull of Frost here in is the hope of a differen ce from his divergent choice of path in life. The pull of Rhys is in how the sullen acceptance of the personÃ¢â¬â¢s passing is the whole purpose of the journey. Frost had themes throughout his written works in which are dealing with the tragedies and fears of humans within their lives.They show his reaction to complex natures that life exhibits; subsequent to that, is his ultimate acceptance from burdens that rise out of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s little adventures. Literary Symbolism Ã¢â¬Å"A symbol may be roughly defined as something that means more than what it is (Perrine, 76). For frost in this case a simple road that shows lack of use is a life changing metaphor. How either the road choice in this poem symbolizes a journey in life, small or large this symbol can always be seen throughout the history of human story telling.The road is part of FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s entire imagery journey throughout his poem. The imagery of grass being less trod upon shows how this pivotal point is in his joy of t aking detours in lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s journey. Thereby, the reader is able to follow FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s journey through symbolism in his imagery with resulting emotional conclusion, in his gratitude for the bravery to follow his Ã¢â¬Å"road less traveledÃ¢â¬ . The journey is the entire premise or symbol of the short story by Rhys in Ã¢â¬Å"I used to Live Here OnceÃ¢â¬ . The symbol of one womanÃ¢â¬â¢s journey in her progressive acceptance of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s major transition.This journey is given subtle imagery hints throughout; from simple things like she finds herself on one side of a river then realizes she is on the opposite side of the river , along with how rocks which were once slippery and treacherous now she finds, cause her no more difficulty than a walk in a garden. Some speculate that the journey into death is the premise of journey symbolized in this short story. Taken then at face value the author also is using it also as simple journey from where the story physically begins to the journey back to the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s home.The speculation of death is in her destination to the children playing where either of the children does not notice her, then the sudden chill, felt by the children when she reaches out to touch them. The story transitions back and forth from the narrator and the lady which shows some flaws within the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s Point of View for narration. To start with, a journey one has to make the first step. Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬ the main character begins the journey at the brink of a river.Recalling the intricacies, we hear her thought process on memories of countless times crossing the river and lessons learned about the stepping stones with in this river like the stepping stones across the river of life that constantly flows past people. She speaks of how familiar she is with this starting point of the journey, and yet this time the beginning of the journey registers in her mind as different. Within the journey, there is a feeling as if the narrator is almost a parrot looking over the main characterÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulder, haunting movements.The narrator details the thoughts on the familiar stones and the times she has made mistakes in jumping from one-step to the next. Ã¢â¬Å"The round unsteady stone, the pointed one, the flat one in the middle of the river- the safe stone where you could stand and look around. The next one was not so safe for when the river got full and water flowed over it and even when it showed dry, and even when it showed dry it was slippery (Rhys, 1996). Ã¢â¬ A literary clue of the stones comes from how in-depth the narrator describes the stones. Involving the stones at such a depth so early on in the story is an example of foretelling.When an author overtly or subtly tells the reader the item is involved at a deeper level come from past or future points. Following Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬ leaving the river is another stage of the journey symbolism. There some was almost a dream like transition from the river to the road. In a almost instantaneous transition like happens in dreams Ã¢â¬ËSheÃ¢â¬ finds herself by the road. There comes a nebulous sense that some time had passed since SheÃ¢â¬â¢d last set foot on this area. The narrator describes through her thought process in just how the road seemed different. T]he road being wider than before, yet noticing it looked old not a newly paved road. There were trees fallen that had not been cleared, and the brush was over grown and trampled. (Rhys,1996) The protagonist remembers countless times walking this same road before. There is an odd item here that with such a lot of work being done here with road broadening and trees being felled that she would not notice such a significant thing on her other journeys on this road. In comes the motif of the story in how She is constantly trying to identify with her life before she began a current journey that she has just started.The thematic journey motif is continually shown in her transit ion form one stage of self-actualization to the next. It is shown on how when descriptive details, dialogues, figurative language and other actions develop a taleÃ¢â¬â¢s motif; otherwise shown as a repeated type of pattern throughout the story at hand. Rhys (1976) uses creative elements in their use here. Ã¢â¬Å"The Sky seemed glassyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The road seemed differentÃ¢â¬ etc.. Thusly showing a continual disconnectedness from her surroundings and her constant attempt at trying to understand why things felt so off place compared to her memories of where she used to live.The repeated used of this motif show the identifying of past life journey create the main premise for the entire story. Life is a journey, as is our afterlife. This is the theme and symbolic journey from both I Used to Live Here (Rhys 1976), and The Road Not Taken (Frost). Both of these tales give allegorical symbolism throughout the story in the journeys of their protagonists. Some journies lead to self-act ualization and or acceptance of what the person should learn. In FrotÃ¢â¬â¢s Poem the author shows how in his journey he learned just how taken the unbeaten path or lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s detours can Ã¢â¬Å"make all the differenceÃ¢â¬ .In RhysÃ¢â¬â¢ story/prose, the journey SheÃ¢â¬â¢s given allows her to accept lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s transition and to move on to what new journeys may await.References American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed. ). Washington, DC: Author. D, M. Chapter 25 Social Relations. In D. Myers, Exploring Social Psychology. Yale University Press. Holybee, W. (2008, March 15). Retrieved March 15, 2008, from mailto://[emailprotected] net Heritage American Dictionary 2008 McGraw Hill Publishers Perrine, L. (2005). Structure, Sounde and Sense. Harcourt: Brace Jovanovich.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Definition and Examples of Cooperative Overlap In conversation analysis, the term cooperative overlap refers to a face-to-face interaction in which one speaker talks at the same time as another speaker to demonstrate an interest in the conversation. In contrast, an interruptive overlap is a competitive strategy in which one of the speakers attempts to dominate the conversation. The term cooperative overlap was introduced by sociolinguist Deborah Tannen in her book Conversational Style: Analyzing Talk Among Friends (1984). Examples and Observations [Patrick] had to wait another five minutes or so before his wife remembered he was there. The two women wereÃ talking at the same time, asking and answering their own questions. They created a whirlwind of happy chaos.(Julie Garwood, The Secret. Penguin, 1992)Mama sat with Mama Pellegrini, the two of them talking so rapidly that their words andÃ sentences overlappedÃ completely. Anna wondered, as she listened from the parlor, how they could understand what each was saying. But they laughed at the same time and raised or lowered their voices at the same time.(Ed Ifkovic,Ã A Girl Holding Lilacs. Writers Club Press, 2002) Tannen on High Involvement Style One of the most striking aspects of high involvement style that I found and analyzed in detail was the use of what I called cooperative overlap: a listener talking along with a speaker not in order to interrupt but to show enthusiastic listenership and participation. The concept of overlap versus interruption became one of the cornerstones of my argument that the stereotype of New York Jews as pushy and aggressive is an unfortunate reflection of the effect of high involvement style in conversation with speakers who use a different style. (In my study I called the other style high considerateness).(Deborah Tannen, Gender and Discourse. Oxford University Press, 1994) Cooperation or Interruption? Cooperative overlap occurs when one interlocutor is showing her enthusiastic support and agreement with another. Cooperative overlap occurs when the speakers view silence between turns as impolite or as a sign of a lack of rapport. While an overlap may be construed as cooperative in a conversation between two friends, it may be construed as an interruption when between boss and employee. Overlaps and interrogative have different meanings depending on the speakers ethnicity, gender, and relative status differences. For example, when a teacher, a person of higher status, overlaps with her student, a person of lower status, typically the overlap is interpreted as an interruption.(Pamela Saunders, Gossip in an Older Womens Support Group: A Linguistic Analysis. Language and Communication in Old Age: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, ed. by Heidi E. Hamilton. Taylor Francis, 1999) Different Cultural Perceptions of Cooperative Overlap [T]he two-way nature of cross-cultural differences typically eludes participants in the throes of conversation. A speaker who stops talking because another has begun is unlikely to think, I guess we have different attitudes toward cooperative overlap. Instead, such a speaker will probably think, You are not interested in hearing what I have to say, or even You are a boor who only wants to hear yourself talk. And the cooperative overlapper is probably concluding, You are unfriendly and are making me do all the conversational work here... (Deborah Tannen, Language and Culture, in An Introduction to Language and Linguistics, ed. by R. W. Fasold and J. Connor-Linton. Cambridge University Press, 2000)
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Definition and Examples of Aphorisms An aphorism is aÃ tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion or a brief statement of a principle. This is also known as (or similar to) aÃ saying, maxim, adage, saw dictum, and precept. In The Advancement of Learning (1605), Francis Bacon noted that aphorisms go to the pith and heart of sciences, leaving out illustrations, examples, connections, and applications. In theÃ article Rhetorical Technique and Governance, Kevin Morrell and Robin Burrow observe that aphorisms are a highly flexible, powerful rhetorical format that can support claims based on logos, ethos, and pathos (Rhetoric in British Politics and Society, 2014). Examples and Observations The word aphorism was first employed by Hippocrates to describe a collection of concise principles, primarily medical, beginning with the famous, Life is short, art is long, opportunity fleeting, experimentation dangerous, reasoning difficult. . . . Eventually, the term was applied to statements of principles in law and agriculture and extended to other areas.(G. A. Test, Satire: Spirit and Art. University Press of Florida, 1991)Sits he on ever so high a throne, a man still sits on his bottom.(Montaigne)If you always do what you always did, you will always get what you always got.(attributed to Jackie Moms Mabley)I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.(often attributed to Voltaire, the words are in fact Tallentyres summary of Voltaires attitude toward Helvetius after the burning of the latters writings in 1759)All men should strive to learn before they die, what they are running from, and to, and why.(James Thurber)The first rule of Fight Cl ub is, you do not talk about Fight Club.(Brad Pitt as Tyler Durden, Fight Club) An idealist is one who, on noticing that a rose smells better than a cabbage, concludes that it will also make better soup.(H.L. Mencken)Expect nothing. Live frugally on surprise.(Alice Walker)Your children need your presence more than your presents.(Jesse Jackson)We are what we pretend to be, so we must be careful what we pretend to be.(Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night, 1961) A Five-Part Definition of Aphorism James Geary, in his best-sellingÃ The World in a Phrase ,Ã gives a five-part definition of the form. It must be brief. It must be definitive. It must be personal. (I like his corollary: This is what distinguishes the form from proverbs, for instance, which are really worn-out aphorisms that have had the identity of the original author rubbed away through repeated use.) It must be philosophical. And it must have a twist.(Sarah Manguso, In Short. Harpers, September 2016) The Manipulative Power of Aphorisms Anything that can educate can also manipulate, and anyone selling anything to the public, dictators, CEOs, advertising executives, knows the power of easy-to-remember expressions. I, for one, still believe that It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken. Effective ad copy, of course, doesnt have to be true; it simply has to be catchy. But a well-honed aphorism not only stops us in our tracks; it impedes our moving forward. Even if we dont immediately buy into it, it can still deliver a wallop: There is no female Mozart because there is no female Jack the Ripper, Camille Paglia tells us. Is this worth discussing? Or are we being bamboozled by the phrases conspicuous symmetry? True or not, some aphorisms make it hard to imagine anything better ever being said on the subject. . . . And herein lies the danger as well as the appeal of the aphorism. A statement can be so well put that its cogency is entirely dependent on its formulation, but as soon as we reflect on it we may come to another conclusion.(Arthur Krystal, Too True: The Art of the Aphorism. Except When I Write: Reflections of a Recovering Critic, Oxford UniversityÃ Press, 2011) The quoting of an aphorism, like the angry barking of a dog or the smell of overcooked broccoli, rarely indicates that something helpful is about to happen.(Lemony Snicket, Horseradish: Bitter Truths You Cant Avoid. HarperCollins, 2007) The Lighter Side of Aphorisms I have been testing theÃ aphorism, A watched pot never boils. I have boiled the same amount of water in this kettle 62 times. In some cases I have ignored the kettle; in others, I have watched it intently. In every instance, the water reaches its boiling point in precisely 51.7 seconds. It appears I am not capable of perceiving time any differently than my internal chronometer.(Lt. Commander Data in Timescape.Ã Star Trek: The Next Generation, 1993)
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Characters in OConnors stories - Essay Example This research will begin with the statement that the characters of the grandmother in OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s story Ã¢â¬ËA Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬â¢ and Mrs. Ruby Turpin in Ã¢â¬ËRevelationÃ¢â¬â¢ are similar to a great extent. Grandma, a widow lives with her sonÃ¢â¬â¢s family including grandchildren while Mrs. Turpin lives with her husband only. Both are in need of Catholic Grace and they belong to the Afro-American population. Both the characters are overconfident about their image, beliefs, and traditions. Grandma remarks about the current generation, saying, Ã¢â¬Å"In my timeÃ¢â¬ ¦ children were more respectful of their native states and their parents and everything else. People did right thenÃ¢â¬ . On the other hand, Mrs. Turpin gets satisfaction in nomenclature Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"white-trash womanÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"the pleasant ladyÃ¢â¬ etc.Ã She likes scrutinizing people around her and derived at conclusions about them. She also contemplates what she could be if she is not herself. She always thanks Jesus for making her what she is and she also feels that Jesus is good to her. In contrast, Grandma believes that the finest lady God has made is her mother and does not directly talk of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s blessings on herself. However, both retain their pride and feels that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s has some extra favor on them. Unlike Mrs. Turpin, the latter, however, does not live in a world of fantasy or dreams and in contrast, she is more practical as she knows the ways and directions and keeps herself updated with the news of the Misfit.